With thanks to Autodesk for the support provided by their pro bono consulting team in reviewing early drafts of the calculation methodology and case studies, notably: Bogdan Teodorescu; Casandra Armeanu; Snezhina Shukina; and Roberto Jiménez.

This publication has been produced by Build Change staff with external contributions. The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed herein do not necessarily reflect the views of the Build Change Board of Directors or the governments and other partners we have worked with.

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This publication should be cited as follows: Saving embodied carbon Through Strengthening Existing Housing. Denver, CO: Build Change, 2023. All photos in this publication are the copyright of Build Change, unless otherwise stated.


  • Lead Author
    • Louise Foulkes
  • Contributing Authors
    • Dr. Elizabeth Hausler
    • Lizzie Blaisdell Collins, P.E., S.E., LEED AP
    • Pierre Paya
    • Monica Schroeder
  • Design, Layout, and Digitalization
    • Joel Herold
    • Atrianne Dolom
    • Samriddhi Chitrakar
    • Kerstin Vogdes Diehn
  • Reviewers
    • Girlie Lopez
    • Anna Pavan
    • Manuela Pinilla Rodriguez
    • Liva Shrestha
  • Editing
    • Richard Preston
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